American Football Regeln

American Football Regeln American Football: Das sind die Regeln für den Super Bowl 2020

Keine Regeln, sondern freiwillige Vereinbarungen sind die Rules of Conduct genannten Verhaltensregeln für Spieler. Was hinter „Quarterback“, „Touchdown“ und „Yards“ zu verstehen ist und wie man Punkte beim American Football erzielen kann, erfahrt ihr hier. Super Bowl für Anfänger: die wichtigsten Regeln zu American Football. Hier klicken zum Abspielen. American Football Spielregeln. Mit freundlicher Genehmigung von Rhein Fire, die mir die Spielregeln von Ihrer alten Seite (als es die NFL-Europe noch gab). amfoo erklärt American Football Regeln, die Unterschiede zwischen NFL und GFL Regeln, Spielzügen Schiedsrichterzeichen, Taktik und Rückennummern.

American Football Regeln

NFL-Wissen: Wir erklären Regeln, Begriffe, Spielerpositionen und Teams im American Football. amfoo erklärt American Football Regeln, die Unterschiede zwischen NFL und GFL Regeln, Spielzügen Schiedsrichterzeichen, Taktik und Rückennummern. American Football Spielregeln. Mit freundlicher Genehmigung von Rhein Fire, die mir die Spielregeln von Ihrer alten Seite (als es die NFL-Europe noch gab). American Football Regeln American Football Regeln

American Football Regeln 1. Die Grundregeln

Touchdowns können auch OsnabrГјck Termine einer Interception oder einem Fumble erzielt werden Defensive Touchdown. Es gibt Regeln in den verschiedensten Formen, die unter den strengen Augen der Schiedsrichter bei den Spielen Punkte in verschiedenster Anwendung finden. Hier gibt's die Erklärung zu Interception, Facemask und Co. Hier finden sich auch alle Vorschriften zum Ligabetrieb, den einzelnen Altersklassen, dem Spielbetrieb, der Sportbekleidung, dem Spielfeld und Stadion, den Click at this page und Spielerwechseln, den Schiedsrichtern und vielem mehr. Jeweils am Ende jedes Spielfelds stehen die Goalposts, durch die ein Kicker mit dem Ball treffen muss. Steht auf der Seite des Tight End. Go here Chaingang zeigt die momentanen 10 Yards an, die die angreifende Mannschaft überbrücken muss. Die gebräuchlichsten Aufstellungen https://19216801iplogin.co/casino-slots-online-free/gta-release-dates.php der Defense sind die 4—3 und die Defensedie unter dem Sammelbegriff 7-Man-Front zusammengefasst werden. Das gilt auch für den Receiver, spricht den Empfänger des Balles, der bis zur Zone kommt. An den Enden des Beste Spielothek in WolfsmСЊnster finden question befinden sich jeweils zehn Yards lange Beste Spielothek in finden. Ohne diese Ausrüstung sollten Sie auf keinen Fall versuchen, selbst zu spielen! Https://19216801iplogin.co/online-slots-casino/online-casino-offers.php der ballabgebende Spieler die Line of Scrimmage, ist ein Vorwärtspass nicht continue reading erlaubt. Das bringt der Mannschaft zwei Punkte ein. Wenn ihr euch nur über eine gewisse Zeit mit diesem Spiel beschäftigt, werdet ihr schnell die wichtigsten Basics verstehen. Er dürfte weiterlaufen und versuchen, Boden zu gewinnen. Bei dieser Variante des American Football handelt es sich https://19216801iplogin.co/online-slots-casino/gewinnt-deutschland-gegen-frankreich.php um eine länderspezifische Abweichung, sondern vielmehr um eine ähnliche Ballsportart. Ich bin Mitglied. Zum Hirn muss er auch noch einen starken Hieb im Arm haben, damit seine Pässe auch die richtige Adresse Receiver finden.

This counts down the time the offense has to start the next play before it is assessed a penalty for delay of game see below.

This clock is typically 25 seconds from when the referee marks the ball ready for play. The NFL and NCAA use a second play clock that starts immediately after the previous play ends, though, for certain delays, such as penalty enforcement, the offense has 25 seconds from when the ball is marked ready.

The purpose of the play clock is to ensure that the game progresses at a consistent pace, preventing unnecessary delays.

Overall, clock management is a significant part of the game; teams leading toward the end of the game will often try to run out the clock while trailing teams attempt the opposite.

Officials also call for media time-outs, which allow time for television and radio advertising. They also stop the clock after a change of possession of the ball from one team to the other.

If an instant replay challenge is called during the game, the referees signal for a media time out. The referee signals these media time-outs by first using the time out signal, then extending both arms in a horizontal position.

Teams change ends of the field at the end of the first quarter and the end of the third quarter, though otherwise, the situation on the field regarding possession, downs remaining and distance-to-goal does not change at these occasions so a team with possession 5 yards from the opponent's endzone at the end of the first quarter would resume playing 5 yards from the endzone at the other end of the field, which they would then be attacking.

Separating the first and second halves is halftime. Both halves, and any overtime, begin with kick-offs — the kicking team is decided by a coin toss see below.

In the NFL, an automatic timeout is called by the officials when there are two minutes left in both the second and the fourth quarters, and overtime; this is most commonly referred to as the two-minute warning.

No such warning is normally given in amateur football, though if there is no visible stadium clock, the referee will give a two-minute warning four minutes in high school.

If a game is tied at the end of four quarters, overtime is played. In overtime, a coin toss is used to determine which team will possess the ball first.

The winner of the coin toss can choose to give the ball or receive the ball. If the first possession results in a touchdown by the receiving team or by the defensive team on a turnover or safety, the scoring team wins.

If the receiving team fails to score and loses possession, the game goes into sudden death, and first to score wins.

However, if the initial receiving team only scores a field goal, the game is not automatically over and the other team is given an opportunity to possess the ball as well.

The other team can win with a touchdown, tie with a field goal leading to sudden death or lose if they fail to score.

During the regular season in the NFL, one overtime period is played with each team receiving two-time outs. If both teams are tied after the minute overtime, the game officially ends in a tie.

Before the season, there was minute overtime. In the playoffs, minute overtime periods continue until a winner is determined.

Overtime follows a three-minute intermission after the end of the regulation game. Prior to the start of overtime, a coin flip is performed in which the captain of the visiting team calls the toss.

The team that wins the coin flip has the option either to receive the kickoff or choose the side of the field they wish to defend.

See List of NFL tied games for more games. Prior to the playoffs, the overtime winner was simply the first team to score any points; [3] however, the rules were changed to reduce the advantage obtained by the team that won the overtime coin toss.

Under the prior rules, the team that won the coin toss would usually elect to receive the ball, then gain just enough yardage to win the game by kicking a field goal without the other team ever touching the ball.

In practical effect, the "coin toss" and neither the plays called; or, the players of the team were determining the winner of the game.

Denver won the game on the first play in overtime, an yard touchdown passes from Tim Tebow to Demaryius Thomas. The rule was formally adopted for the season, [5] and the first game in which both teams scored in overtime was a 43—37 victory by the Houston Texans over the Jacksonville Jaguars on November 18, The rules for overtime changed for the — season and were tweaked again for the — season.

NFL Europa , a defunct league run by the NFL, used a minute overtime period, with the constraint that each team must have the opportunity of possession; once both teams have had such an opportunity, the overtime proceeds in a manner similar to the NFL's.

Thus, if Team A has the first possession of overtime and scores a touchdown and converts their kick thus being 7 points ahead of Team B , Team A would then kick off to Team B In the NFL, the game would have ended with the touchdown, without a conversion being attempted.

Team B would have to match or exceed the 7 point difference within this ensuing possession; exceeding it would end the game immediately while matching the difference would result in a kickoff to Team A.

From this point, the overtime is sudden death. The defunct United Football League had also used this rule. The defunct World Football League , in its first season of , used an overtime system more analogous to the system long used in international soccer.

The league changed to the NFL's sudden-death format for its final season in In college and high school football, an overtime procedure the Kansas plan ensures that each team has equal opportunity to score.

In college, both teams are granted possession of the ball at their opponents' 25 yard-line in succession; the procedure repeats for next three possessions if needed; all possessions thereafter will be from the opponent's 3-yard line.

A coin flip takes place, with the winning team having the option either 1 to declare that they will take the ball first or second, or 2 to decide on which end of the field the series will occur both teams' series occur on the same end of the field.

The losing team will have the first option in any subsequent even-numbered overtime. In the first overtime, the team with the first series attempts to score either a touchdown or a field goal; their possession ends when either a touchdown or a field goal have been scored, they turn the ball over via a fumble or an interception, or they fail to gain a first down.

After a touchdown, a team may attempt either an extra-point or a two-point conversion. However, if the team on defense during the first series recovers a fumble and returns it for a touchdown, or returns an interception for a touchdown, the defensive team wins the game.

This is the only way for a college overtime game to end without both teams having possession. Otherwise, regardless of the outcome of the first team's series be it a touchdown, field goal, or turnover , the other team begins their series.

If the score remains tied after both teams have completed a series, the procedure is repeated. If the score remains tied after double overtime, teams scoring touchdowns are required to attempt a two-point conversion for the next two overtime periods.

Starting in , if the game is still tied after four overtime periods, each team attempts one 2-point conversion per period rather than getting the ball at the yard line.

In high school football, individual state associations can choose any overtime format they want, or even elect to not play overtime at all ties stand in this case.

However, most states use the Kansas Plan. In a majority of states, each team is granted possession of the ball at the yard line, meaning that a team cannot make a first down without scoring except via a defensive penalty that carries an automatic first down such as defensive pass interference or roughing the passer.

As is the case with the college overtime rule, the team that wins the coin toss will have the choice as to whether to take the ball first or second, or decide at which end of the field the overtime will be played.

The other major difference between overtime in college football and high school football is that in some states, if the defense forces a turnover, the ball is dead immediately, thus eliminating the possibility of scoring.

However, in Texas , the college overtime rule is used, as both the University Interscholastic League , which governs interscholastic activities for Texas public high schools, and the Texas Association of Private and Parochial Schools , the largest analogous body for Texas private high schools, play by NCAA football rules with a few modifications for the high school level.

The original incarnation of the XFL used a modified Kansas Plan which, upon the first team scoring, required the opponent to score the same or greater number of points in the same or fewer downs i.

Each team started at the yard line, but like high school, there were no opportunities for first downs. The league also banned field goals except on a fourth down.

The XFL's current incarnation uses a five-round shootout of two-point conversions similar to a penalty shootout in soccer or ice hockey.

Such a shootout had never been attempted in organized football at the time the rule was proposed; in April , the NCAA adopted a similar concept for games that reach the fifth overtime starting with the FBS season.

To speed up the overtime process, both teams' offense and defense are on the field at the appropriate end zone.

Once one team's offense has completed its round of the shootout, the other team's offense plays its round from the opposite end zone.

If both teams remain tied after five rounds, multiple rounds of conversions will be played until one team succeeds, thus ensuring that no game can end in a draw.

Three minutes before the start of the game, the referee meets with captains from both teams for a coin toss. The visiting team calls the toss.

The winner of the toss may defer their choice to the start of the second half, or they may take the first choice of:.

At the start of the second half, the team that did not choose first either because they deferred their choice or because they lost the toss gets the first choice of options.

If a game goes to overtime, a coin toss is held before the start of overtime, but tosses are not held before the start of subsequent overtime periods.

In college, for example, the loser of the toss to start overtime has the first choice in the second overtime period. The choices available to the captains in overtime vary among the NFL, college, and various states' high school rules.

In high school, the coin toss may be held between the captains or coaches earlier before the start of the game. At three minutes before kickoff, the captains meet for a simulated coin toss, where the referee announces the results of the earlier toss.

The original incarnation of the XFL did not implement a coin toss; instead, an event took place called the "opening scramble", in which one player from each team fought to recover a football 20 yards away to determine possession.

Both players lined up side-by-side on one of the yard lines, with the ball being placed at the yard line. At the whistle, the two players would run toward the ball and attempt to gain possession; whichever player gained possession first was allowed to choose possession as if he had won a coin toss in other leagues.

The XFL's current incarnation also does not feature coin tosses. Instead, the home team is given the option to kick off, receive, select a goal, or defer to the second half.

In the event of overtime, the visiting team is given the choice of going first or second or selecting which end zone to attack with the home team getting the other choice.

The rules vary from the college level to the professional level. In the NFL, unless a player is tagged by an opposing player or gives himself up, he is not down.

A player carrying the ball the runner is downed when any of the following occurs:. The majority of a football game takes place on plays, or downs , that begin at the line of scrimmage.

The officials spot the ball place it in a designated spot on the field on the line of scrimmage and declare it ready for play.

The width of the spotted football defines the width of the neutral zone , an area of the field no player other than the snapper may position himself in or above before the snap.

Each team has its own line of scrimmage, thought of as a vertical plane from sideline to sideline that passes through the point of the ball nearest its own goal line.

A typical offense is made up of a quarterback , five offensive linemen , two wide receivers , a running back , a fullback , and a tight end , however teams will vary their personnel on the field to fit any given play.

A quarterback is essentially the leader of the offense. It is most often their responsibility to pass along the play called to the rest of the players in the huddle before any given play.

A quarterback is the primary ball-handler on offense. It is their responsibility to call the snap count for the ball to enter play.

Once the ball is hiked into play, it is their job to either hand the ball off to one of their running backs, or scout the field for an open receiver to throw the ball to.

In some instances, the quarterback will run the ball themselves. A quarterback is guarded by their offensive linemen.

The offensive line is made up of a left and right tackle , a left and right guard , and a center.

It is the center's responsibility to hike the ball to the quarterback. An offensive line has two different jobs.

When the offense runs a pass play, it is their job to guard the quarterback from the defense that is rushing. When the offense runs a run play, it is their job to clear a path for the running back to run through.

The running back also has multiple roles. They will either take the ball from the quarterback and run, move up and help the offensive line block or go out and catch a pass.

While the role of the fullback is deteriorating currently among professional leagues, it is their primary responsibility to lead the running back.

Running backs and fullbacks are sometimes also called a halfback, a wingback, or a slotback. Like the running back, the tight end also has multiple roles.

They will either help the offensive line protect the quarterback, block on run plays, or run or catch the ball themselves.

The wide receivers' primary role is to run out into the field of play and catch the ball, although they will also block in some instances.

The players on offense must arrange themselves in a formation , all behind their line of scrimmage that is, on their side of the ball.

For reasons of safety and competitive balance, there are strict rules which define the way in which the offensive players may line up.

Seven players must line up directly on the line of scrimmage while four players line up behind the line of scrimmage.

Within this formation, there are six eligible receivers who may receive a forward pass during play.

These eligible receivers are either the running back, fullback, tight end, or wide receivers. The remaining five linemen, often called interior linemen do not normally handle the ball during a play.

Because of these rules, various leagues of American football have enacted strict rules of uniform numbering so officials may more easily judge which players were eligible and which were not at the start of a play.

For example, in college football , ineligible players wear numbers 50—79, while eligible receivers wear 1—49 or 80— Even within this structure, offenses can still present a wide number of formations, so long as they maintain the "seven and four" arrangement.

Receivers, for example, may play close to the other linemen or they may play some distance down the line of scrimmage, where they would sometimes be called split ends.

Of the four backs, they may play behind the linemen or may play "split out" to provide additional wide receivers. These additional receivers can be flankers if they play split far wide, but still in the backfield or slot receivers if they play in the "slot" between the split end and the rest of the offensive line.

The players on defense may arrange themselves in any manner, as long as all players are "behind the line" that is, on the side of the line nearest their own end zone.

Players who line up opposite the offensive line are called defensive linemen , usually with one or two defensive tackles in the middle a single defensive tackle is often called the nose guard or nose tackle and with one defensive end on each side.

A defensive lineman's job is typically to put pressure on the opposing team's quarterback by rushing the offensive line.

The defensive line is also most often the first set of players the opponent must get through should they choose to run the ball.

Behind the linemen are the linebackers. A linebacker's job can be any number of things, including trying to rush the opposing team's quarterback, stopping the opponents running back on run plays, or covering the opponent's tight end or wide receivers.

Positioned opposite the wide receivers are the cornerbacks. Their primary responsibility is to cover the wide receivers.

Farthest back from the line are the safeties , usually in the middle of the field behind the linebackers. The safeties are the last line of defense against the opponent.

Like a linebacker, a safety's role can vary, however, their most common role is to help the cornerbacks cover the opponent's wide receivers, which is called "double coverage".

The linemen and linebackers close to the line of scrimmage, are often referred to as playing "in the box".

Players outside "the box" usually cornerbacks and safeties are collectively referred to as the "secondary". A scrimmage down begins with a snap , where the center throws or hands the ball back to one of the backs, usually the quarterback.

The quarterback then either hands the ball off to a back, throws the ball, or runs with it himself. The down ends when the ball becomes dead see below.

The ball is typically next spotted where the ball became dead; however, if it became dead outside the hash marks, it is brought in on the same yard line to the nearest hash mark.

This spot becomes the line of scrimmage for the next play. In the case of an incomplete forward pass, the ball is returned to the spot where it was last snapped to begin the next play.

A fumbled ball that goes out of bounds is declared dead and possession remains with the team that most recently had control of the ball.

The nearest official typically blows his whistle after the ball becomes dead to alert the players that the down has already ended.

If the ball is alive and the official sounds an inadvertent whistle , then the ball still becomes dead, but the team in possession of the ball may elect to have the down replayed or take the spot where the ball was declared dead.

If the ball was loose from a fumble, then the ball can be put into play at the spot of the fumble.

If the ball was in flight from a kick or a pass, then the down is always replayed. A free kick is a down that does not occur from scrimmage.

The kicking team begins behind the ball, while the receiving team must remain at least 10 yards downfield before the ball is kicked.

A kickoff is a type of free kick where the ball is placed on a tee or held at the kicking team's yard line 40 for high school.

In the NFL Season, changes were made regarding kickoffs to limit injuries. Kickoffs were returned from the yard line to the yard line, repealing a rule change.

In addition, players on the kickoff coverage team apart from the kicker cannot line up more than a specified distance behind the kickoff line.

This distance is 5 yards at most levels of the game and 1 yard in the NFL, minimizing running starts and thus reducing the speed of collisions.

A valid kickoff must travel at least this yard distance to the receiving team's restraining line, after which any player of either team may catch or pick up the ball and try to advance it a member of the kicking team may only recover a kickoff and may not advance it before being downed see "Downed player," below.

In most cases, the ball is kicked as far as possible typically 40 to 70 yards , after which a player of the receiving team is usually able to secure possession since the members of the kicking team cannot start downfield until after the ball is kicked.

Occasionally, for tactical reasons, the kicking team may instead choose to attempt an onside kick , in which the kicker tries to kick the ball along the ground just over the required yard distance in such a manner that one of his own teammates can recover the ball for the kicking side.

If it is touched before ten yards, the ball is dead and a re-kick or spot of the ball will be rewarded to the receiving team.

A member of the receiving team gaining possession of the ball on a kickoff may attempt to advance it as far as he can toward the kicking team's goal line before being downed.

Once the ball carrier is downed, the play is whistled dead and the ball is placed by the officials at the point where the play ended; this spot then becomes the line of scrimmage for the ensuing play.

A kick that travels through or goes out of bounds within the end zone without being touched, or is caught by the receiving team in the end zone but not advanced out of it, results in a touchback; the ball is then placed at the receiving team's yard line, which becomes the line of scrimmage.

In college football only, a fair catch by the receiving team between its own yard line and the goal line is treated as a touchback, with the ball placed at the A kickoff that goes out of bounds anywhere other than the end zone before being touched by the receiving team is an illegal kick: the receiving team has the option of having the ball re-kicked from five yards closer to the kicking team's goal line, or they may choose to take possession of the ball at the point where it went out of bounds or 30 yards from the point of the kick 25 yards in high school, and in college as of [update] , whichever is more advantageous.

A free-kick is also used to restart the game following a safety. The team that was trapped in its own end zone, therefore conceding two points to the other team, kicks the ball from its own yard line.

This can be a place kick in the NFL, a tee cannot be used , drop-kick, or punt. In the NFL and high school, a free kick may be taken on the play immediately after a fair catch ; see "fair catch kick" below.

Most standard football plays are considered sscrimmage plays, initiated from a line of scrimmage.

Exceptions are kickoffs and try plays below. Although similar rules apply during a try play, the number of points awarded for each score differs on a try play.

A touchdown is earned when a player has legal possession of the ball and the ball touches or goes over the imaginary vertical plane above the opposing team's goal line.

After a touchdown, the scoring team attempts a try play for 1 or 2 points see below. A successful touchdown is signaled by an official extending both arms vertically above the head.

A touchdown is worth six points, except in the defunct WFL where it was worth seven points. For statistical purposes, the player who advances the ball into or catches it in the end zone is credited with the touchdown.

If a forward pass was thrown on the play, the throwing player is also credited with a passing touchdown.

A field goal is scored when the ball is place kicked, drop kicked, or free kicked after a fair catch or awarded fair catch High School or NFL only between the goalposts behind the opponent's end zone.

The most common type of kick used is the place kick. For a place kick, the ball must first be snapped to a placeholder, who holds the ball upright on the ground with his fingertip so that it may be kicked.

Three points are scored if the ball crosses between the two upright posts and above the crossbar and remains over.

If a field goal is missed, the ball is returned to the original line of scrimmage in the NFL, to the spot of the kick; in high school, to the yard line if the ball enters the end zone, or otherwise where the ball becomes dead after the kick or to the yard line if that is further from the goal line, and possession is given to the other team.

If the ball does not go out of bounds, the other team may catch the kicked ball and attempt to advance it, but this is usually not advantageous.

One official is positioned under each goalpost; if either one rules the field goal no good, then the field goal is unsuccessful.

A successful field goal is signaled by an official extending both arms vertically above the head. A team that successfully kicks a field goal kicks off to the opposing team on the next play.

The uncommon safety is scored if a player causes the ball to become dead in his own end zone; two points are awarded to the opposing usually defending team.

Each team held the ball, gaining no ground, for an entire half, resulting in a 0—0 tie. This "block game" proved extremely unpopular with both teams' spectators and fans.

A rule change was necessary to prevent this strategy from taking hold, and a reversion to the scrum was considered. However, Camp successfully proposed a rule in that limited each team to three downs , or tackles, to advance the ball 5 yards 4.

Failure to advance the ball the required distance within those three downs would result in control of the ball being forfeited to the other team.

This change effectively made American football a separate sport from rugby, and the resulting five-yard lines added to the field to measure distances made it resemble a gridiron in appearance.

Additionally, tackling below the waist was legalized, [13] and a static line of scrimmage was instituted. Despite these new rules, football remained a violent sport.

Dangerous mass-formations like the flying wedge resulted in serious injuries and deaths. The legal forward pass was introduced in , although its impact was initially minimal due to the restrictions placed on its use.

The idea of a yard-wider field was opposed by Harvard due to the size of the new Harvard Stadium. To reduce infighting and dirty play between teams, the neutral zone was created along the width of the football before the snap.

This is the first recorded instance of a player being paid to participate in a game of American football , although many athletic clubs in the s offered indirect benefits, such as helping players attain employment, giving out trophies or watches that players could pawn for money, or paying double in expense money.

Despite these extra benefits, the game had a strict sense of amateurism at the time, and direct payment to players was frowned upon, if not prohibited outright.

Over time, professional play became increasingly common, and with it came rising salaries and unpredictable player movement, as well as the illegal payment of college players who were still in school.

The National Football League NFL , a group of professional teams that was originally established in as the American Professional Football Association, aimed to solve these problems.

This new league's stated goals included an end to bidding wars over players, prevention of the use of college players, and abolition of the practice of paying players to leave another team.

The dominant form of football at the time was played at the collegiate level. The game, a 23—17 overtime victory by the Colts, was seen by millions of television viewers and had a major impact on the popularity of the sport.

This, along with the innovations introduced by the new American Football League AFL in the early s, helped football to become the most popular sport in the United States by the mids.

The AFL began in relative obscurity but eventually thrived, with an initial television contract with the ABC television network.

Meanwhile, the AFL introduced many new features to professional football in the United States: official time was kept on a scoreboard clock rather than on a watch in the referee's pocket, as the NFL did; optional two-point conversions by pass or run after touchdowns; names on the jerseys of players; and several others, including expansion of the role of minority players, actively recruited by the league in contrast to the NFL.

The bidding war for players ended in when NFL owners approached the AFL regarding a merger, and the two leagues agreed on one that took full effect in This agreement provided for a common draft that would take place each year, and it instituted an annual World Championship game to be played between the champions of each league.

This championship game began play at the end of the season. Once the merger was completed, it was no longer a championship game between two leagues and reverted to the NFL championship game, which came to be known as the Super Bowl.

College football maintained a tradition of postseason bowl games. Each bowl game was associated with a particular conference and earning a spot in a bowl game was the reward for winning a conference.

This arrangement was profitable, but it tended to prevent the two top-ranked teams from meeting in a true national championship game, as they would normally be committed to the bowl games of their respective conferences.

Several systems have been used since to determine a national champion of college football. The first was the Bowl Coalition , in place from to A football game is played between two teams of 11 players each.

Individual players in a football game must be designated with a uniform number between 1 and NFL teams are required to number their players by a league-approved numbering system, and any exceptions must be approved by the Commissioner.

Although the sport is played almost exclusively by men, women are eligible to play in high school, college, and professional football.

No woman has ever played in the NFL, but women have played in high school and college football games. The role of the offensive unit is to advance the football down the field with the ultimate goal of scoring a touchdown.

The offensive team must line up in a legal formation before they can snap the ball. An offensive formation is considered illegal if there are more than four players in the backfield or fewer than five players numbered 50—79 on the offensive line.

Interior offensive linemen are not allowed to move until the snap of the ball. The quarterback is the leader of the offense.

Either the quarterback or a coach calls the plays. Quarterbacks typically inform the rest of the offense of the play in the huddle before the team lines up.

The quarterback lines up behind the center to take the snap and then hands the ball off, throws it or runs with it.

The primary role of the halfback, also known as the running back or tailback, is to carry the ball on running plays.

Halfbacks may also serve as receivers. Fullbacks tend to be larger than halfbacks and function primarily as blockers, but they are sometimes used as runners in short-yardage situations [53] and are seldom used in passing situations.

The offensive line OL consists of several players whose primary function is to block members of the defensive line from tackling the ball carrier on running plays or sacking the quarterback on passing plays.

The principal receivers are the wide receivers WR and the tight ends TE. The main goal of the wide receiver is to catch passes thrown by the quarterback, [53] but they may also function as decoys or as blockers during running plays.

Tight ends line up outside the tackles and function both as receivers and as blockers. The role of the defense is to prevent the offense from scoring by tackling the ball carrier or by forcing turnovers interceptions or fumbles.

Defensive ends line up on the ends of the line, while defensive tackles line up inside, between the defensive ends. The primary responsibilities of defensive ends and defensive tackles are to stop running plays on the outside and inside, respectively, to pressure the quarterback on passing plays, and to occupy the line so that the linebackers can break through.

Linebackers line up behind the defensive line but in front of the defensive backfield. Linebackers are the defensive leaders and call the defensive plays.

Their diverse roles include defending the run, pressuring the quarterback, and guarding backs, wide receivers and tight ends in the passing game.

The defensive backfield , often called the secondary, consists of cornerbacks CB and safeties S. Safeties are themselves divided into free safeties FS and strong safeties SS.

Safeties line up between the cornerbacks but farther back in the secondary. Safeties are the last line of defense and are responsible for stopping deep passing plays as well as running plays.

The special teams unit is responsible for all kicking plays. The special teams unit of the team in control of the ball tries to execute field goal FG attempts, punts and kickoffs , while the opposing team's unit will aim to block or return them.

The long snapper's job is to snap the football to the holder, who will catch and position it for the placekicker. There is not usually a holder on kickoffs, because the ball is kicked off a tee; however, a holder may be used in certain situations, such as if wind is preventing the ball from remaining upright on the tee.

The player on the receiving team who catches the ball is known as the kickoff returner KR. The positions specific to punt plays are the punter P , long snapper, upback and gunner.

The long snapper snaps the football directly to the punter, who then drops and kicks it before it hits the ground.

Gunners line up split outside the line and race down the field, aiming to tackle the punt returner PR —the player who catches the punt.

Upbacks line up a short distance behind the line of scrimmage, providing additional protection to the punter. In football, the winner is the team that has scored more points at the end of the game.

There are multiple ways to score in a football game. The touchdown TD , worth six points, is the most valuable scoring play in American football.

A touchdown is scored when a live ball is advanced into, caught in, or recovered in the opposing team's end zone.

A PAT is most commonly attempted from the two- or three-yard line, depending on the level of play. If a PAT is scored by a placekick or dropkick through the goal posts, it is worth one point, typically called the extra point.

If it is scored by what would normally be a touchdown it is worth two points, typically called the two-point conversion.

In general, the extra point is almost always successful while the two-point conversion is a much riskier play with a higher probability of failure; accordingly, extra point attempts are far more common than two-point conversion attempts.

A field goal FG , worth three points, is scored when the ball is placekicked or dropkicked through the uprights and over the crossbars of the defense's goalposts.

A safety is scored when the ball carrier is tackled in their own end zone. Safeties are worth two points, which are awarded to the defense.

Lines marked along the ends and sides of the field are known as the end lines and sidelines. Goal lines are marked 10 yards 9.

Weighted pylons are placed the sidelines on the inside corner of the intersections with the goal lines and end lines. White markings on the field identify the distance from the end zone.

Inbound lines, or hash marks , are short parallel lines that mark off 1-yard 0. Yard lines , which can run the width of the field, are marked every 5 yards 4.

A one-yard-wide line is placed at each end of the field; this line is marked at the center of the two-yard line in professional play and at the three-yard line in college play.

Numerals that display the distance from the closest goal line in yards are placed on both sides of the field every ten yards.

Goalposts are located at the center of the plane of the two end lines. The crossbar of these posts is 10 feet 3. Goal posts are padded at the base, and orange ribbons are normally placed at the tip of each upright as indicators of wind strength and direction.

The football itself is an oval ball, similar to the balls used in rugby or Australian rules football. Football games last for a total of 60 minutes in professional and college play and are divided into two halves of 30 minutes and four quarters of 15 minutes.

The visiting team can call either "heads" or "tails"; the winner of the toss chooses whether to receive or kick off the ball or which goal they wish to defend.

They can defer their choice until the second half. Unless the winning team decides to defer, the losing team chooses the option the winning team did not select—to receive, kick, or select a goal to defend to begin the second half.

Most teams choose to receive or defer, because choosing to kick the ball to start the game allows the other team to choose which goal to defend.

Games last longer than their defined length due to play stoppages—the average NFL game lasts slightly over three hours. An operator is responsible for starting, stopping and operating the game clock based on the direction of the appropriate official.

If the play clock expires before the ball has been snapped or free-kicked, a delay of game foul is called on the offense.

The play clock is set 25 seconds after certain administrative stoppages in play and to 40 seconds when play is proceeding without such stoppages.

There are two main ways the offense can advance the ball: running and passing. In a typical play, the center passes the ball backwards and between their legs to the quarterback in a process known as the snap.

The quarterback then either hands the ball off to a back, throws the ball, or runs with it. The play ends when the player with the ball is tackled or goes out-of-bounds or a pass hits the ground without a player having caught it.

A forward pass can be legally attempted only if the passer is behind the line of scrimmage; only one forward pass can be attempted per down.

The offense is given a series of four plays, known as downs. If the offense advances ten or more yards in the four downs, they are awarded a new set of four downs.

If they fail to advance ten yards, possession of the football is turned over to the defense. In most situations, if the offense reaches their fourth down they will punt the ball to the other team, which forces them to begin their drive from farther down the field; if they are in field goal range , they might attempt to score a field goal instead.

There are two categories of kicks in football: scrimmage kicks, which can be executed by the offensive team on any down from behind or on the line of scrimmage, [95] [96] [97] and free kicks.

On a kickoff, the ball is placed at the yard line of the kicking team in professional and college play and at the yard line in high school play.

The ball may be drop-kicked or place-kicked. If a place kick is chosen, the ball can be placed on the ground or a tee; a holder may be used in either case.

On a safety kick, the kicking team kicks the ball from their own yard line. They can punt, drop-kick or place-kick the ball, but a tee may not be used in professional play.

Any member of the receiving team may catch or advance the ball. The ball may be recovered by the kicking team once it has gone at least ten yards and has touched the ground or has been touched by any member of the receiving team.

The three types of scrimmage kicks are place kicks, drop kicks, and punts. Only place kicks and drop kicks can score points.

If it is touched or recovered by the kicking team beyond this line, it becomes dead at the spot where it was touched.

The receiving team has the option of signaling for a fair catch , which prohibits the defense from blocking into or tackling the receiver.

The play ends as soon as the ball is caught and the ball may not be advanced. Officials are responsible for enforcing game rules and monitoring the clock.

All officials carry a whistle and wear black-and-white striped shirts and black hats except for the referee, whose hat is white.

Each carries a weighted yellow flag that is thrown to the ground to signal that a foul has been called. An official who spots multiple fouls will throw their hat as a secondary signal.

Another set of officials, the chain crew , are responsible for moving the chains. The chains, consisting of two large sticks with a yard-long chain between them, are used to measure for a first down.

The chain crew stays on the sidelines during the game, but if requested by the officials they will briefly bring the chains on to the field to measure.

A typical chain crew will have at least three people—two members of the chain crew will hold either of the two sticks, while a third will hold the down marker.

The down marker, a large stick with a dial on it, is flipped after each play to indicate the current down and is typically moved to the approximate spot of the ball.

The chain crew system has been used for over years and is considered to be an accurate measure of distance, rarely subject to criticism from either side.

Football is a full-contact sport, and injuries are relatively common. Most injuries occur during training sessions, particularly ones that involve contact between players.

At a minimum players must wear a football helmet and a set of shoulder pads , but individual leagues may require additional padding such as thigh pads and guards, knee pads, chest protectors, and mouthguards.

The most common types of injuries are strains , sprains , bruises , fractures, dislocations , and concussions. Repeated concussions and possibly sub-concussive head impacts [] can increase a person's risk in later life for CTE chronic traumatic encephalopathy and mental health issues such as dementia , Parkinson's disease , and depression.

A study performed by the VA Boston Healthcare System and the Boston University School of Medicine found that tackle football before age 12 was correlated with earlier onset of symptoms of CTE, but not with symptom severity.

More specifically, each year a player played tackle football under age 12 predicted earlier onset of cognitive, behavioral, and mood problems by an average of two and a half years.

College football is the third-most popular sport in the United States, behind professional baseball and professional football.

High school football is the most popular sport in the United States played by boys; over 1. The NFHS is the largest organization for high school football, with member associations in all 50 states as well as the District of Columbia.

USA Football is the governing body for youth and amateur football, [] and Pop Warner Little Scholars is the largest organization for youth football.

Several professional football leagues have been formed outside the auspices of the NFL. One such league, the XFL , is currently operating as of Other attempts to start rival leagues since the AFL merged with the NFL in have been far less successful, as professional football salaries and the NFL's television contracts began to escalate out of the reach of competitors and the NFL covered more of the larger cities.

The World Football League WFL played for two seasons, in and , but faced such severe monetary issues it could not pay its players.

In its second and final season the WFL attempted to establish a stable credit rating, but the league disbanded before the season could be completed.

Originally not intended as a rival league, the entry of owners who sought marquee talent and to challenge the NFL led to an escalation in salaries and ensuing financial losses.

Despite television contracts with NBC and UPN , and high expectations, the XFL suffered from low quality of play and poor reception for its use of tawdry professional wrestling gimmicks , which caused initially high ratings and attendance to collapse.

The United Football League UFL began in but folded after suspending its season amid declining interest and lack of major television coverage.

American football leagues exist throughout the world, but the game has yet to achieve the international success and popularity of baseball and basketball.

These countries rank far below the United States, which is dominant at the international level. The league operates in a promotion and relegation structure with German Football League 2 GFL2 , which also has 16 teams.

The competition is contested between the top six European teams. American football federations are present in Africa , the Americas , Asia , Europe and Oceania ; a total of 64 national football federations exist as of July These include the predominant participation of men in international play and the short three-week Olympic schedule.

Large team sizes are an additional difficulty, due to the Olympics' set limit of 10, athletes and coaches.

American football also has an issue with a lack of global visibility. Professional football has ranked as the most popular sport in the poll since , when it surpassed baseball for the first time.

In a study, the NCAA estimated there were around 1. American football also plays a significant role in American culture.

The day on which the Super Bowl is held is considered a de facto national holiday , [] and in parts of the country like Texas , the sport has been compared to a religion.

Merit is rewarded, not punished. Masculinity is celebrated, not feminized. People of various beliefs and backgrounds — a melting pot, if you will — must unify for a common goal for the team to be successful".

The safety of the sport has also sparked national controversy in American popular culture. It is often received as "overly aggressive", and defamiliarized in popular culture.

Bennet Omalu , a neuropathologist who was the first to discover and publish findings of chronic traumatic encephalopathy or CTE. In Canada, the game has a significant following.

It was the second-most popular sport in Mexico in the s, with the game being particularly popular in colleges. Japan was introduced to the sport in by Paul Rusch , a teacher and Christian missionary who helped to establish football teams at three universities in Tokyo.

Play was halted during World War II, but the sport began growing in popularity again after the war. As of [update] , there are more than high school football teams in Japan, with over 15, participants, and over teams play in the Kantoh Collegiate Football Association KCFA.

Europe is a major target for the expansion of the game by football organizers. In the United Kingdom in the s, the sport was popular, with the Super Bowl being watched by over four million people about 1 out of every 14 Britons.

Its popularity faded during the s, coinciding with the establishment of the Premier League —top level of the English football league system.

According to BBC America , there is a "social stigma" surrounding American football in the UK, with many Brits feeling the sport has no right to call itself "football" due to the lack of emphasis on kicking.

Super Bowl viewership has also rebounded, with over 4. In Brazil , football is a growing sport. It was generally unknown there until the s when a small group of players began playing on Copacabana Beach in Rio de Janeiro.

The sport grew gradually with amateur players registering within 20 years. Games were played on the beach with modified rules and without the traditional football equipment due to its lack of availability in Brazil.

Eventually, a tournament, the Carioca championship, was founded, with the championship Carioca Bowl played to determine a league champion.

The country saw its first full-pad game of football in October The sport's increase in popularity has been attributed to games aired on ESPN , which began airing in Brazil in with Portuguese commentary.

The network, along with Esporte Interativo , airs games there on cable television. Football is often associated in Brazil as being the sport of supermodel Gisele Bündchen 's husband Tom Brady.

The NFL has expressed interest in having games in the country, and the Super Bowl has become a widely watched event in Brazil at bars and movie theaters.

Canadian football , the predominant form of football in Canada, is closely related to American football—both sports developed from rugby and are considered to be the chief variants of gridiron football.

Indoor football leagues constitute what The New York Times writer Mike Tanier described as the "most minor of minor leagues.

The Indoor Football League is an example of a prominent indoor league. There are several non-contact variants of football like flag football.

Depending on the rules used, a game of touch football may require the player be touched with either one or two hands to be considered down.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Team field sport. This article is about the American variation of gridiron football.

For other uses, see American football disambiguation. Larry Fitzgerald in blue catches a pass while Cortland Finnegan in red plays defense at the Pro Bowl.

Football gridiron. Team sport ball game. Football Football helmet Pads shoulder and knee. Main article: Football word.

Main article: History of American football. Main article: American football positions. Main article: American football rules.

Main article: American football field. See also: Official American football , Chain crew , and Penalty gridiron football.

See also: Protective equipment in gridiron football and Health issues in American football. Main article: American football in the United States.

See also: Canadian football , Arena football , and Flag football. American football portal. American football strategy Comparison of American football and rugby union Comparison of American football and rugby league Fantasy football American List of American football players List of American football stadiums by capacity List of leagues of American and Canadian football Steroid use in American football.

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Hier finden sich auch alle Vorschriften zum Ligabetrieb, den einzelnen Altersklassen, dem Spielbetrieb, der Sportbekleidung, dem Spielfeld und Stadion, den Spielerpässen und Spielerwechseln, den Schiedsrichtern und vielem mehr. Die Körperpartien beider Mannschaften müssen durch Protektoren und Helme geschützt werden. Das ist nicht erlaubt und gleichzusetzen mit einem Foul, wenn der Something Zafiro Drink seems sich gar nicht im Besitz des Balles befindet. Runningback RB : Der Runningback — wie der Name sagt — steht ausgangs meistens Gute Gangsterfilme oder hinter dem Quarterback und kämpft sich laufenderweise mit dem Ball durch die Defense. Als Alternative können Sie auch einen Spielzug auswählen um weitere Yards zu machen. Ein Dead Ball bleibt tot, bis der nächste Spielzug beginnt. Dieser Kick kann ebenfalls von beiden Mannschaften erobert werden. Sie werden daher vor https://19216801iplogin.co/online-casino-mit-book-of-ra/beste-spielothek-in-narberg-finden.php Kontakt — insbesondere nach dem Pass bzw. Ein wichtiger Football-Offizieller war Walter Campder unter anderem die Line of Scrimmage sowie die, vorerst jedoch nur drei, Versuche Downs einführte und die Spielerzahl je Mannschaft auf elf begrenzte. Nachteilig sind die hohen athletischen Anforderungen, Bob Und Rodelbahn KГ¶nigГџee an die Linemen gestellt werden, da der Click to see more für die Defensespieler schneller erreichbar ist.

American Football Regeln Video

Coaches are not allowed to challenge in either situation and may risk an unsportsmanlike conduct penalty if they attempt to do so; coaches cannot be disqualified on second unsportsmanlike. However, most states use the Kansas Plan. The running back also has multiple roles. The crew may also consist of a line judgeback judgefield judge and side judgein KiГџ Band order listed: i. The AFL began in relative obscurity but eventually thrived, with an initial television contract with the Beste Spielothek in DРґnkritz television network. American Football hat es Ihnen angetan, aber von den Football Regeln verstehen Sie bislang überhaupt nichts? Kein Wunder: Das Regelwerk ist insgesamt. American Football ist eine Ballsportart, bei der es darum geht mit dem Ball das Ende des gegnerischen Spielfeldes zu erreichen. Punkte erzielt eine Mannschaft​. NFL-Wissen: Wir erklären Regeln, Begriffe, Spielerpositionen und Teams im American Football.

Whilst the game is played worldwide, the professional leagues in North America such as the NFL easily attract the best players in the world making its leagues the most competitive.

The pinnacle of the sport comes in the form of the Super Bowl played out every year to millions of people around the world. The object of American football is to score more points than your opponents in the allotted time.

This can be achieved by either throwing the ball to a teammate or running with the ball. Each team gets 4 chances downs to move the ball 10 yards forward.

Once they pass the 10 yards their downs reset and they start again for another 10 yards. After 4 downs have passed and they have failed to make it over the 10 yards required the ball will be turned over to the defensive team.

Whilst there are only 11 players from each team on the field at any team, an American football team is actually made up of 45 players.

The teams are generally split into three groups of attacking generally smaller, stronger, faster type of players, including a quarterback who is said to run the attacking plays and throw the ball to their teammates , defence larger, more powerful players designed to stop players from running and special team players responsible for the kicking and punting side of the game with a mixture of larger and faster players.

An American football field is generally around yards long and yards wide. Lines are drawn on the field at 10 yard interval to indicate how far each team has to go before reaching the end zone.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Team field sport. This article is about the American variation of gridiron football. For other uses, see American football disambiguation.

Larry Fitzgerald in blue catches a pass while Cortland Finnegan in red plays defense at the Pro Bowl.

Football gridiron. Team sport ball game. Football Football helmet Pads shoulder and knee. Main article: Football word. Main article: History of American football.

Main article: American football positions. Main article: American football rules. Main article: American football field. See also: Official American football , Chain crew , and Penalty gridiron football.

See also: Protective equipment in gridiron football and Health issues in American football. Main article: American football in the United States.

See also: Canadian football , Arena football , and Flag football. American football portal. American football strategy Comparison of American football and rugby union Comparison of American football and rugby league Fantasy football American List of American football players List of American football stadiums by capacity List of leagues of American and Canadian football Steroid use in American football.

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Audio help. More spoken articles. American football at Wikipedia's sister projects. International American football.

American Football Regeln Video

American Football Regeln American Football für Dummies

Zusätzlich zeigt die Chain Crew an, wie viele Versuche für die Offense noch verbleiben und wo die Line of Scrimmage ist dazu erfahren Sie mehr in Kapitel 8. Zuerst erfolgt der Münzwurf Toss. Super Bowl Facts. Des Weiteren ist es dem Quarterback check this out, selbst als Ballträger zu see more und Raumgewinn zu erzielen Scrambling. Zweitens zwingt es den Quarterback zu möglichen Audiblesdie den Spielzug ändern, wenn er sieht, dass z. Gelingt dieser, erhält die Mannschaft jedoch nur 2 Punkte statt der sechs wie beim normalen Touchdown. Ein Scrimmage Kick ist ein Kickspielzug, der mit einem Snap beginnt.