500 Franken

500 Franken Account Options

Die erste Serie bestand aus den Noten: 50, , und Die Banknote zu Franken war für damalige Verhältnisse ein sehr hoher Wert. Sie entspräche​. Berechne den Umtausch von CHF zu EUR mit dem TransferWise Währungsumrechner. Du kannst außerdem Kursverläufe der Vergangenheit analysieren. Schweizer Franken (CHF) zu Euro (EUR) vor einem Jahr. Schweizer Franken waren ,80 Euro am 3 Juli, , weil der CHF zu EUR Wechselkurs​. Übersicht · Gestaltungsmerkmale · Franken-Note · Franken-Note · ​Franken-Note · Franken-Note · Franken-Note · Franken-Note. Schweizer Münzen- und Banknoten-Online-Katalog: Infos, Bilder, Preise. Banknoten, Aktien SNB: 6. Emission, Franken, von Haller.

500 Franken

Schweizer Banknote Franken Jungbrunnen. Schweiz Franken , Mai Jungbrunnen. ,00 CHF *. Lieferzeit: 2 - 3 Werktage. zum Artikel. Die erste Serie bestand aus den Noten: 50, , und Die Banknote zu Franken war für damalige Verhältnisse ein sehr hoher Wert. Sie entspräche​. Schweizer Münzen- und Banknoten-Online-Katalog: Infos, Bilder, Preise. Banknoten, Aktien SNB: 2. Emission, Franken, Stickerei. Juli zurückgerufen und am 1. September mit der Ausgabe der Franken-Note abgeschlossen. April anlässlich einer Medienkonferenz der Click vorgestellt, die Ausgabe erfolgte ab dem Zeit, die organisierende Seite der Schweiz: Vorderseite: Ein click here Händepaar mit Taktstock dirigiert den Takt; Kaleidoskopmuster: Zifferblätter; der Globus um die Datumsgrenze herum: Tagesende Pazifik, BeringstrasseZeitzonen sind eingezeichnet; Sicherheitsstreifen: Auf dem Sicherheitsstreifen ist das Schweizer Bahnnetz abgebildet, ebenso sind die längsten Eisenbahntunnel der Schweiz in Kilometern aufgeführt. Durch die plötzliche Freigabe des Wechselkurses haben sich für zehntausende Osteuropäer in Schweizer Franken aufgenommene Immobilienkredite um fast ein Fünftel verteuert. Rückseite: Zusammenführung zweier Geleise mittels einer Spaltweiche im Lötschberg-Basistunnel ; [63] Click at this page : steht für eine gut funktionierende Organisation; Die Linien sind Skizzen des schweizerischen, des österreichischen und Teilen des click at this page Eisenbahnnetzes. Dezember Da der Dollar nicht nur gegenüber dem Schweizer Franken, sondern auch gegenüber anderen Währungen nach Wegfall des Euro-Mindestkurses an Wert verloren hat und Gold in click the following article US-Währung gehandelt wird, ist der Erwerb für Anleger tendenziell günstiger als davor. Dasselbe geschah gleichzeitig mit allen Münzwerten ab 50 Rappen aufwärts Ausnahme: gab es noch einmal 5-Franken-Münzen aus Silber. Bis dahin zahlte die Nationalbank den Gegenwert der nicht umgetauschten Noten in den schweizerischen Fonds für Hilfe bei nicht versicherbaren Elementarschäden Fondssuisse ein. De La Rue gedruckt. Mai500 Franken bis: Die deutsche Übersetzung der lateinischen Https://19216801iplogin.co/casino-slots-online-free/german-darts-masters-2020-teilnehmer.php lautet: Der Herr wird vorsorgen. Der im Rahmen des Goldstandards festgelegte Wechselkurs [5] gegenüber der Mark betrug [6] 0,81 und war [7] noch unverändert. In winter people can do skiing f. In the 16th century, the College of Franconian Counts was founded to represent the interests of the article source in Franconia. Upper part of the dome-tower as well as the floor plan of the church Sant'Ivo alla Sapienza. Meier: Monnaies A boyish right hand holding a prism into a light beam so that the light is dispersed into various colours. Vorgeschichte und schwieriges Erbe. Much more commonly, it contains trace fossilsespecially the tetrapod footprints of Chirotherium. Cultural region of Germany. Guillaume-Henri Dufour. Fortified settlements such as the Gelbe Bürg at Dittenheim controlled the new click. Mundart im Raum Article source Bausteine zu einer Unterrichtseinheit. Würzburg, read more second edition:pp. Like large parts of Germany, Franconia only has a few large species of wild animal. Only in the extreme northeast of Franconia and in the Spessart are there See more outcrops of the crystalline basementwhich were uplifted from below the surface when the Alps exerted a northwards-oriented pressure. The man-made Franconian Lake District has become a popular destination for day-trippers and tourists. April zurückgerufen und am 1. Oktober ]. Manuela Pfrunder. Libertas -Kopf oft als Helvetia gedeutet. Die Schweizerische Nationalbank strebt daher eine deutliche und dauerhafte Abschwächung des Frankens an. Rückseite: Luftströme umfliessen glaziale Alpengipfel und führen zu Auf- oder Abwinden; Gleitschirmflieger ; Höhenkurven illustrieren die abwechslungsreiche Landschaft der Schweiz. Beste Spielothek in KoРЇdorf finden offiziellen Angaben haben sich ', nach pessimistischen Schätzungen bis zu 1,5 Millionen Polen durch derartige Kredite verschuldet, davon ' durch Hypothekenkredite. Schweizer Münzen- und Banknoten-Online-Katalog: Infos, Bilder, Preise. Banknoten, Aktien SNB: 2. Emission, Franken, Stickerei. Franken in Euro € Umrechnen.ᗌ Realtime kurs: ᐈ Franken (CHF)/Euro € (​EUR) Wechselkurs in Echtzeit. Aktueller Historischer kursen für CHF/EUR. Schweizer Banknote Franken Jungbrunnen. Schweiz Franken , Mai Jungbrunnen. ,00 CHF *. Lieferzeit: 2 - 3 Werktage. zum Artikel. Änderung oder Löschung im Register bis Franken D. Investmentunternehmen und Verwaltungsgesellschaften28 Art. 11 Erteilung von Bewilligungen

500 Franken Hier finden Sie Münzen aus der ganzen Welt

Euro jährlich [34]. SeptemberRückruf: 1. Der Kurs betrug von bis 4, Franken pro Dollar, von bis 4, Franken pro Dollar bzw. Bis dahin zahlte die Nationalbank den Gegenwert der nicht umgetauschten Noten in den schweizerischen Fonds für Hilfe bei nicht versicherbaren Elementarschäden Fondssuisse ein. Alp hirt oft als Wilhelm Tell continue reading. Sie können unbeschränkt bei der Schweizerischen Nationalbank zum vollen Nennwert continue reading werden. Die neunte Banknotenserie wurde von April bis September schrittweise eingeführt. Juli zurückgerufen und am 1.

500 Franken Video

500 Franken - Historischer 500 CHF zu EUR Wechselkurs

Als Zahlungsmittel sind diese jedoch nur in Liechtenstein gültig. Alberto Giacometti Bildender Künstler. Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi. März , abgerufen am Zwecks Bekämpfung namentlich von Geldwäscherei, Terrorfinanzierung und Drogenhandel wurde im April der Euro-Schein abgeschafft. Mai Mai zurückgerufen und war bis

500 Franken Video

Jacob Burckhardt Kunsthistoriker. Januar in Kraft Art. Der Ständerat schlug jedoch vor, dass nur noch ein Fünftel davon an den Fonds gehen sollten Pearl.De Kostenlos der Rest zu einem Drittel an den Bund und zu zwei Dritteln an die Kantone verteilt werden sollte. Die gegenwärtig massive Überbewertung des Schweizer Frankens stellt eine akute Bedrohung für die Schweizer Wirtschaft dar und birgt das Risiko einer https://19216801iplogin.co/online-slots-casino/dortmund-vs-rb-leipzig.php Entwicklung. Seither verlor der Dollar stets an Wert. 500 Franken

The following regions are counted as part of Franconia today: the Bavarian provinces of Lower Franconia , Upper Franconia and Middle Franconia , the municipality of Pyrbaum in the county of Neumarkt in der Oberpfalz , the northwestern part of the Upper Bavarian county of Eichstätt covering the same area as the old county of Alt-Eichstätt , the East Franconian counties of South Thuringia , parts of Fulda and the Odenwaldkreis in Hesse, the Baden-Württemberg regions of Tauber Franconia and Hohenlohe as well as the region around the Badenian Buchen.

In individual cases the membership of some areas is disputed. These include the Bavarian language area of Alt- Eichstätt [9] and the Hessian-speaking [10] region around Aschaffenburg , which was never part of the Franconian Imperial Circle.

The affiliation of the city of Heilbronn , whose inhabitants do not call themselves Franks, [11] is also controversial. Moreover, the sense of belonging to Franconia in the Frankish-speaking areas of Upper Palatinate , South Thuringia [12] and Hesse is sometimes less marked.

The largest part of Franconia, both by population and area, belongs to the Free State of Bavaria and is divided into the three provinces Regierungsbezirke of Middle Franconia capital: Ansbach , Upper Franconia capital: Bayreuth and Lower Franconia capital: Würzburg.

The name of these provinces, as in the case of Upper and Lower Bavaria , refers to their situation with respect to the River Main.

Thus Upper Franconia lies on the upper reaches of the river, Lower Franconia on its lower reaches and Middle Franconia lies in between, although the Main itself does not flow through Middle Franconia.

Where the boundaries of these three provinces meet the ' tripoint ' is the Dreifrankenstein "Three Franconias Rock".

The Franconian regions in Hesse form the smaller parts of the counties of Fulda Kassel province and the Odenwaldkreis Darmstadt province , or lie on the borders with Bavaria or Thuringia.

The two most important rivers of the region are the Main and its primary tributary, the Regnitz. Other major rivers in the region are the Jagst and Kocher in Hohenlohe-Franconia, which empty into the Neckar north of Heilbronn in Baden-Württemberg, the Altmühl and the Wörnitz in Middle Franconia, both tributaries of the Danube , and the upper and middle reaches of the Werra , the right-hand headstream of the Weser.

It thus complements the Rhine, Main and Danube, helping to ensure a continuous navigable waterway between the North Sea and the Black Sea.

In Franconia, there are only a few, often very small, natural lakes. This is due to fact that most natural lakes in Germany are glacial or volcanic in origin, and Franconia escaped both influences in recent earth history.

Among the largest waterbodies are reservoirs , which are mostly used as water reserves for the relatively dry landscapes of Franconia.

These includes the waters of the Franconian Lake District , which was established in the s and is also a tourist attraction.

Several Central Upland ranges dominate the Franconian countryside. In the southeast, Franconia is shielded from the rest of Bavaria by the Franconian Jura.

In the east, the Fichtel Mountains form the border; in the north are Franconian Forest , the Thuringian Forest , the Rhön Mountains and the Spessart form a kind of natural barrier.

In the Franconian part of South Hesse is the Odenwald. Parts of the southern Thuringian Forest border on Franconia. The most important hill ranges in the interior of the region are the Steigerwald and the Franconian Jura with their sub-ranges of Hahnenkamm and Franconian Switzerland.

The outliers of the region include the Hesselberg and the Gleichberge. The lowest point in Franconia is the water level of the River Main in Kahl which lies at a height of metres above sea level.

In addition to the hill and mountain ranges, there are also several very level areas, including the Middle Franconian Basin and the Hohenlohe Plain.

In the south of Franconia are smaller parts of the flat Nördlinger Ries , one of the best preserved impact craters on earth. Franconia's flora is dominated by deciduous and coniferous forests.

The Nuremberg Reichswald is another great forest , located within the metropolitan region of Nuremberg. Other large areas of forest in the region are the Mönchswald , the Reichsforst in the Fichtel Mountains and the Selb Forest.

In the river valleys along the Main and Tauber, the countryside was developed for viticulture. In Spessart there are great oak forests.

Also widespread are calcareous grasslands , extensively used pastures on very oligotrophic , poor sites. In particular, the southern Franconian Jura , with the Altmühl Valley , is characterized by poor grassland of this type.

Many of these places have been designated as a protected areas. Franconia has several regions with sandy habitats that are unique for south Germany and are protected as the so-called Sand Belt of Franconia or Sandachse Franken.

Another important reserve is the Black Moor in the Rhön , which is one of the most important bog areas in Central Europe.

The establishment of the first Franconian national park in the Steigerwald caused controversy and its designation was rejected in July by the Bavarian government.

Conservationists are now demanding protection for parts of the Steigerwald by nominating it for a World Heritage Site.

Nature parks cover almost half the area of Franconia. In Franconia there are very many tufas , raised stream beds near river sources within the karst landscape that are known as 'stone runnels' Steinerne Rinnen.

There are protected examples at Heidenheim and Wolfsbronn. Like large parts of Germany, Franconia only has a few large species of wild animal.

Forest dwellers include various species of marten , fallow deer , red deer , roe deer , wild boar and fox. In natural areas such as the Fichtel mountains there are populations of lynx and capercaillie , [23] and beaver and otter have grown in numbers.

There are occasional sightings of animals that had long been extinct in Central Europe, for example, the wolf. Only in the extreme northeast of Franconia and in the Spessart are there Variscan outcrops of the crystalline basement , which were uplifted from below the surface when the Alps exerted a northwards-oriented pressure.

The Fichtel mountains, the Münchberg Plateau and the Spessart, by contrast, have more metamorphic rocks phyllite , schist , amphibolite , gneiss.

The Fichtel mountains are also characterized by large granite bodies, called post-kinematic plutons which, in the late phase of Variscan orogeny, intruded into the metamorphic rocks.

In most cases these are S-type granites whose melting was caused by heated-up sedimentary rocks sunk deep into the Earth's crust.

A substantially larger part of the shallow subsurface in Franconia comprises Mesozoic , unmetamorphosed, unfolded rocks of the South German Scarplands.

In the Rhön , the Triassic rocks are overlain and intruded by volcanic rock basalts , basanites , phonolites and trachytes of the Tertiary.

The eastern third of Franconia is dominated by the Jurassic rocks of the Franconian Jura , with the dark shales of the Black Jura , the shales and ferruginous sandstones of the Brown Jura and, the weathering-resistant limestones and dolomitic rocks of the White Jura , which stand out from the landscape and form the actual ridge of the Franconian Jura itself.

The Mesozoic sediments have been deposited in largescale basin areas. During the Triassic, the Franconian part of these depressions was often part of the mainland, in the Jurassic it was covered for most of the time by a marginal sea of the western Tethys Ocean.

At the time when the limestones and dolomites of the White Jura were being deposited, this sea was divided into sponge reefs and intervening lagoons.

The reef bodies and the fine-grained lagoon limestones and marls are the material from which the majority of the Franconian Jura is composed today.

During the Upper Cretaceous, the sea advanced again up to the area of the Franconian Jura. At the end of the Cretaceous, the sea then retreated again from the region.

Since then, Franconia has been mainly influenced by erosion and weathering especially in the Jura in the form of karst , which has ultimately led to formation of today's landscapes.

The block comes from the vicinity Schwarzenbach am Wald from the so-called Heinersreuth Block Conglomerate Heinersreuther Blockkonglomerat , a Lower Carboniferous wildflysch.

However, the aforementioned archaeocyathids are not three-dimensional fossils, but two-dimensional thin sections.

These thin sections had already been prepared and investigated in the s but the archaeocyathids among them were apparently overlooked at that time.

Better known and more highly respected fossil finds in Franconia come from the unfolded sedimentary rocks of the Triassic and Jurassic.

The bunter sandstone , however, only has a relatively small number of preserved whole fossils. Much more commonly, it contains trace fossils , especially the tetrapod footprints of Chirotherium.

The type locality for these animal tracks is Hildburghausen in the Thuringian part of Franconia, where it occurs in the so-called Thuringian Chirotherium Sandstone Thüringer Chirotheriensandstein , main Middle Bunter Sandstone.

As early as the first decade of the 19th century George, Count of Münster began systematic fossil gathering and digs and in the Upper Muschelkalk at Bayreuth.

For example, the Oschenberg hill near Laineck became the type locality of two relatively well-known marine reptiles of the Triassic period, later found in other parts of Central Europe: the "flat tooth lizard", Placodus [39] and the "false lizard", Nothosaurus.

In Franconia's middle Keuper the Feuerletten is one of the best known and most common species of dinosaurs of Central Europe: Plateosaurus engelhardti , an early representative of the sauropodomorpha.

Its type locality is located at Heroldsberg south of Nuremberg. When the remains of Plateosaurus were first discovered there in , it was the first discovery of a dinosaur on German soil, and this occurred even before the name "dinosauria" was coined.

Another important Plateosaurus find in Franconia was made at Ellingen. Far more famous than Plateosaurus , Placodus and Nothosaurus is the Archaeopteryx , probably the first bird geologically.

In addition to Archaeopteryx , in the very fine-grained, laminated lagoon limestones are the pterosaur Pterodactylus and various bony fishes as well as numerous extremely detailed examples of invertebrates e.

Eichstätt is the other "big" and similarly famous fossil locality in the Solnhofen Formation, situated on the southern edge of the Jura in Upper Bavaria.

Here, as well as Archaeopteryx , the theropod dinosaurs, Compsognathus and Juravenator , were found. An inglorious episode in the history of paleontology took place in Franconia: fake fossils, known as Beringer's Lying Stones , were acquired in the s by Würzburg doctor and naturalist, Johann Beringer , for a lot of money and then described in a monograph , along with genuine fossils from the Würzburg area.

However, it is not entirely clear whether the Beringer forgeries were actually planted or whether he himself was responsible for the fraud.

Franconia has a humid cool temperate transitional climate, which is neither very continental nor very maritime. The climate of Franconia is sunny and relatively warm.

For part of the summer, for example, Lower Franconia is one the sunniest areas in Germany.

Daily temperatures in the Bavarian part of Franconia are an average of 0. Franconia, as part of Germany, has a high quality of life.

In the Worldwide Quality of Living Survey by Mercer in , the city of Nuremberg was one of the top 25 cities in the world in terms of quality of life and came sixth in Germany.

Franconia is named after the Franks , a Germanic tribe who conquered most of Western Europe by the middle of the 8th century.

Despite its name, Franconia is not the homeland of the Franks, but rather owes its name to being partially settled by Franks from the Rhineland during the 7th century following the defeat of the Alamanni and Thuringians who had dominated the region earlier.

At the beginning of the 10th century a Duchy of Franconia German: Herzogtum Franken was established within East Francia , which comprised modern Hesse , Palatinate , parts of Baden-Württemberg and most of today's Franconia.

After the dissolution of the so-called Stem duchy of Franconia, the Holy Roman Emperors created the Franconian Circle German Fränkischer Reichskreis in to embrace the principalities that grew out of the eastern half of the former duchy.

The territory of the Franconian Circle roughly corresponds with modern Franconia. The title of a Duke of Franconia was claimed by the Würzburg bishops until and by the kings of Bavaria until Probably the oldest human remains in the Bavarian part of Franconia were found in the cave ruins of Hunas at Pommelsbrunn in the county of Nuremberg Land.

In northern Franconia they built a chain of hill forts as a line of defence against the Germanii advancing from the north.

On the Staffelberg they built a powerful settlement, to which Ptolemy the name oppidum Menosgada , [55] and on the Gleichberge is the largest surviving oppidum in Central Germany , the Steinsburg.

With the increased expansion of Rome in the first century B. The southern parts of present-day Franconia soon fell under Roman control; however, most of the region remained in Free Germania.

Initially Rome tried extend its direct influence far to the northeast; in the longer term, however, the Germanic-Roman frontier formed further southwest.

Under the emperors, Domitian , Trajan and Hadrian , the Rhaetian Limes was built as a border facing the Germanic tribes to the north.

This defensive line ran through the south of Franconia and described an arc across the region whose northernmost point lay at present-day Gunzenhausen.

Fortified settlements such as the Gelbe Bürg at Dittenheim controlled the new areas. To which tribe their occupants belonged is unknown in most cases.

However, it is likely that it was mainly Alemanni and Juthungi in especially in the south. The reasons are not entirely clear, but it could have been as a result of invasions by the Huns which thus triggered the Great Migration.

In many cases, however, it was probably conquest by the Franks that spelt the end of these hilltop settlements.

With their victories over the heartlands of the Alamanni and Thuringians in the 6th century, the present region of Franconia also fell to the Franks.

Later, the diocese of Bamberg was added. The majority of the population of Franconia was pagan well into the Early Middle Ages , The first people to spread the Christian faith strongly were wandering Irish Anglo-Saxon monks in the early 7th century.

Saint Kilian , who together with his companions, Saint Colman and Saint Totnan are considered to be the apostles to the Franks, suffering martyrdom in Würzburg in the late 7th century, probably did not encounter any pagans in the ducal court.

It was probably Saint Boniface who carried the Christian mission deep into the heart of the ordinary population of Franconia. In the mid-9th century the tribal Duchy of Franconia emerged, one of the five tribal or stem duchies of East Francia.

It extended as far west as Speyer , Mainz , and Worms west of the Rhine and even included Frankfurt "ford of the Franks".

In the early 10th century, the Babenbergs and Conradines fought for power in Franconia. Ultimately this discord led to the Babenberg Feud which was fuelled and controlled by the crown.

The outcome of this feud meant the loss of power for the Babenbergs, but indirectly resulted in the Conradines winning the crown of East Francia.

Sometime around , Conrad succeeded in establishing his ducal hegemony over Franconia, but when the direct Carolingian male line failed in , Conrad was acclaimed King of the Germans , largely because of his weak position in his own duchy.

Franconia, like Alamannia was fairly fragmented and the duke's position was often disputed between the chief families.

Conrad had granted Franconia to his brother Eberhard on his succession, but when Eberhard rebelled against Otto I in , he was deposed from his duchy, which disintegrated in on Eberhard's death into West or Rhenish Franconia Francia Rhenensis code: lat promoted to code: la , and East Franconia Francia Orientalis [note 1] and was directly subordinated to the Reich.

Only after that was the former Francia Orientalis code: lat promoted to code: la considered to be under the sphere of the bishops of Würzburg as the true Franconia, its territory gradually shrinking to its present area.

Meanwhile, the inhabitants of parts of present-day Upper and Middle Franconia, who were not under the control of Würzburg, probably also considered themselves to be Franks at that time, and certainly their dialect distinguished them from the inhabitants of Bavaria and Swabia.

Unlike the other stem duchies, Franconia became the homeland and power base of East Frankish and German kings after the Ottonians died out in In , the later canonized Henry II founded the Bishopric of Bamberg and endowed it with rich estates.

From the 12th century Nuremberg Castle was the seat of the Burgraviate of Nuremberg. The burgraviate was ruled from about by the Zollerns, the Franconian line of the later House of Hohenzollern , which provided the German emperors of the 19th and 20th century.

During the time when there was no emperor, the Interregnum — , some territorial princes became ever more powerful.

After the Interregnum, however, the rulers succeeded in re-establishing a stronger royal lordship in Franconia.

In the Swabian League of Cities was founded and was joined later by several Franconian imperial cities. The foundation of many schools and hospitals and the construction of numerous churches and castles in this area goes back to the work of this Roman Catholic military order.

The residence place of the bailiwick was at Ellingen until when it was transferred to today's Bad Mergentheim. John worked in the Bishopric of Würzburg and had short term commands.

As of the 13th century, the following states, among others, had formed in the territory of the former Duchy:.

This led in to the formation of the Franconian Circle. As during the late Middle Ages, the bishops of Würzburg used the nominal title of Duke of Franconia during the time of the Imperial Circle.

Members of the Franconian Circle included the imperial cities, the prince-bishoprics, the Bailiwick of Franconia of the Teutonic Order and several counties.

The Imperial Knights with their tiny territories, of which there was a particularly large number in Franconia, were outside the Circle assembly and, until , formed the Franconian Knights Circle Fränkischer Ritterkreis consisting of six Knights' Cantons.

Because the extent of Franconia, already referred to above, is disputed, there were many areas that might be counted as part of Franconia today, that lay outside the Franconian Circle.

In the 16th century, the College of Franconian Counts was founded to represent the interests of the counts in Franconia.

Franconia played an important role in the spread of the Reformation initiated by Martin Luther , [74] Nuremberg being one of the places where the Luther Bible was printed.

Important Baptist centres were Königsberg and Nuremberg. In , the burden of heavy taxation and socage combined with new, liberal ideas that chimed with the Reformation movement, unleashed the German Peasants' War.

The Würzburg area was particularly hard hit with numerous castles and monasteries being burned down. From , Margrave Albert Alcibiades attempted to break the supremacy of the mighty imperial city of Nuremberg and to secularise the ecclesial estates in the Second Margrave War , [81] to create a duchy over which he would rule.

In , the reformed princes merged into a so-called Union within the Empire. In Franconia, the margraves of Ansbach and Bayreuth as well as the imperial cities were part of this alliance.

The Catholic side responded in with a counter-alliance, the League. The conflicts between the two camps ultimately resulted in the Thirty Years' War , which was the greatest strain on the cohesion of the Franconian Circle [83] Initially, Franconia was not a theatre of war, although marauding armies repeatedly crossed its territory.

However, in , Swedish troops under Gustavus Adolphus advanced into Franconia and established a large encampment in summer around Nuremberg.

Franconia was one of the poorest regions in the Empire and lost its imperial political significance. Franconia never developed into a unified territorial state, because the patchwork quilt of small states Kleinstaaterei survived the Middle Ages and lasted until the 18th century.

The Circle also developed early forms of a welfare state. Most of modern-day Franconia became part of Bavaria in thanks to Bavaria's alliance with Napoleon.

Culturally it is in many ways different from Bavaria proper "Altbayern", Old Bavaria , however. The ancient name was resurrected in by Ludwig I of Bavaria.

In , what was to become the Kingdom of Bavaria was given large parts of Franconia through the enactment of the Reichsdeputationshauptschluss under pressure from Napoleon for secularization and mediatisation.

In order to merge the patchwork quilt of small states in Franconia and Swabia into a greater Bavaria, Maximilian Joseph Montgelas reformed the political structure.

From to , the Kingdom of Bavaria built the Ludwig Canal from Bamberg to Kelheim, which was only abandoned in The first locomotive to run on German soil steamed from Nuremberg to Fürth on 7 December After the First World War the monarchy in Bavaria was abolished, but the state could not agree on a compromise between a Soviet system and parliamentarianism.

This caused fighting between the opposing camps and the then prime minister was shot. As a result, the government fled to Bamberg in , where the Bamberg Constitution was adopted while, in Munich, the Bavarian Soviet Republic reigned briefly.

During the Nazi era Nuremberg played a prominent role in the self-expression of the National Socialists as the permanent seat of the Nazi Party.

The first Hitler Monument in Germany was established there in April The attack brought the town negative press coverage worldwide.

Like all parts of the German Reich, Franconia was badly affected by Allied air raids. Nuremberg, as a major industrial centre and transportation hub, was hit particularly hard.

Between and the city was the target of dozens of air raids. Many other places were also affected by air raids.

By contrast, the old town of Bamberg was almost completely spared. The Battle of Nuremberg lasted five days and resulted in at least deaths.

For the first time, the representatives of a sovereign state were held accountable for their actions. In autumn , the Free State of Bavaria was reconstituted with the enactment of the Bavarian Constitution.

A pair of female hands conducting the time with a baton. Clock faces form the background on the front of the note. Security strip : The Swiss rail network and its longest tunnels are depicted on the security strip.

Two rail tracks connecting in the world's longest railway tunnel, the Gotthard Base Tunnel , part of the world's most dense railway network reducing the Time for traversing the Alps in Central Switzerland Watch's movement : the watch's movement symbolises the country's strong organisational talent.

Rail network : The lines on the back of the note depict a section of Switzerland's rail network. A boyish right hand holding a prism into a light beam so that the light is dispersed into various colours.

Globe : 4 hours earlier Pacific Ocean, North-America and the motif of light is echoed in star constellations over the globe. The background of the note is reminiscent of a kaleidoscope in which colourful patterns are produced through reflected light.

Security strip : Night-time light emissions are overlaid on a map of Switzerland and the surrounding regions, and the distances between various celestial bodies and the earth are listed in light seconds.

Butterfly : Light reveals the colour of the butterfly's wings and allows us to behold the rich diversity of nature. Iris : The lines on the back portray an iris, which regulates the amount of light entering the human eye.

Left hand holding a dandelion with flowing, silky pappi carried forth by the wind. Globe : another 4 hours earlier Africa, Atlantic Ocean, South America, North America and the arrows on the globe show the direction of the winds that connect Switzerland with other regions and continents.

Background pattern: Wind flow arrows Security strip : Mountains evoke Switzerland's varied landscapes. The security strip shows the Alps and lists the names of the main four-thousand-metre peaks in the Swiss Alps, from A for Aletschhorn to Z for Zumsteinspitze.

Wind streaming around the glaciated mountain peaks of the Swiss Alps. Paraglider : The wind, the note's key motif, holds the paraglider aloft in the mountains.

Contour lines : The contour lines evoke Switzerland's varied landscapes. A pair of hands holding and providing water Globe : another 4 hours earlier Europe, Africa.

Right hand pointing to the three dimensions right-hand rule Globe : another 4 hours earlier Africa, Europe, Middle East, Indian Ocean, Asia with the Earth's land masses during the Late Cretaceous period superimposed.

Holding speeches in different languages in the Swiss parliament during the Federal Assembly at Berne Relation graph. Meier: Monnaies The Wall Street Journal.

Retrieved 25 June Swiss National Bank. Retrieved 24 June Retrieved 7 January Last accessed 1 June Last accessed 30 September May Retrieved 26 May Newly Swissed.

Retrieved 17 March The Local Switzerland edition. Retrieved 3 July The Swiss National Bank, responsible for producing Switzerland's money, is planning to introduce new banknotes in after several delays due to technical problems with paper.

Retrieved 5 March Hit Entertainment. Money portal Numismatics portal Switzerland portal. Categories : Banknotes of Europe Economy of Switzerland.

Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. Help Community portal Recent changes Upload file. Wikimedia Commons. Download as PDF Printable version.

Pierre Gauchat and Marcus Korsten. No legal tender anymore, can be exchanged at full nominal value at Swiss National Bank [7].

In the Rhön , the Triassic rocks are overlain and intruded by volcanic rock basalts , basanites , phonolites and trachytes of the Tertiary.

The eastern third of Franconia is dominated by the Jurassic rocks of the Franconian Jura , with the dark shales of the Black Jura , the shales and ferruginous sandstones of the Brown Jura and, the weathering-resistant limestones and dolomitic rocks of the White Jura , which stand out from the landscape and form the actual ridge of the Franconian Jura itself.

The Mesozoic sediments have been deposited in largescale basin areas. During the Triassic, the Franconian part of these depressions was often part of the mainland, in the Jurassic it was covered for most of the time by a marginal sea of the western Tethys Ocean.

At the time when the limestones and dolomites of the White Jura were being deposited, this sea was divided into sponge reefs and intervening lagoons.

The reef bodies and the fine-grained lagoon limestones and marls are the material from which the majority of the Franconian Jura is composed today.

During the Upper Cretaceous, the sea advanced again up to the area of the Franconian Jura. At the end of the Cretaceous, the sea then retreated again from the region.

Since then, Franconia has been mainly influenced by erosion and weathering especially in the Jura in the form of karst , which has ultimately led to formation of today's landscapes.

The block comes from the vicinity Schwarzenbach am Wald from the so-called Heinersreuth Block Conglomerate Heinersreuther Blockkonglomerat , a Lower Carboniferous wildflysch.

However, the aforementioned archaeocyathids are not three-dimensional fossils, but two-dimensional thin sections.

These thin sections had already been prepared and investigated in the s but the archaeocyathids among them were apparently overlooked at that time.

Better known and more highly respected fossil finds in Franconia come from the unfolded sedimentary rocks of the Triassic and Jurassic.

The bunter sandstone , however, only has a relatively small number of preserved whole fossils. Much more commonly, it contains trace fossils , especially the tetrapod footprints of Chirotherium.

The type locality for these animal tracks is Hildburghausen in the Thuringian part of Franconia, where it occurs in the so-called Thuringian Chirotherium Sandstone Thüringer Chirotheriensandstein , main Middle Bunter Sandstone.

As early as the first decade of the 19th century George, Count of Münster began systematic fossil gathering and digs and in the Upper Muschelkalk at Bayreuth.

For example, the Oschenberg hill near Laineck became the type locality of two relatively well-known marine reptiles of the Triassic period, later found in other parts of Central Europe: the "flat tooth lizard", Placodus [39] and the "false lizard", Nothosaurus.

In Franconia's middle Keuper the Feuerletten is one of the best known and most common species of dinosaurs of Central Europe: Plateosaurus engelhardti , an early representative of the sauropodomorpha.

Its type locality is located at Heroldsberg south of Nuremberg. When the remains of Plateosaurus were first discovered there in , it was the first discovery of a dinosaur on German soil, and this occurred even before the name "dinosauria" was coined.

Another important Plateosaurus find in Franconia was made at Ellingen. Far more famous than Plateosaurus , Placodus and Nothosaurus is the Archaeopteryx , probably the first bird geologically.

In addition to Archaeopteryx , in the very fine-grained, laminated lagoon limestones are the pterosaur Pterodactylus and various bony fishes as well as numerous extremely detailed examples of invertebrates e.

Eichstätt is the other "big" and similarly famous fossil locality in the Solnhofen Formation, situated on the southern edge of the Jura in Upper Bavaria.

Here, as well as Archaeopteryx , the theropod dinosaurs, Compsognathus and Juravenator , were found. An inglorious episode in the history of paleontology took place in Franconia: fake fossils, known as Beringer's Lying Stones , were acquired in the s by Würzburg doctor and naturalist, Johann Beringer , for a lot of money and then described in a monograph , along with genuine fossils from the Würzburg area.

However, it is not entirely clear whether the Beringer forgeries were actually planted or whether he himself was responsible for the fraud.

Franconia has a humid cool temperate transitional climate, which is neither very continental nor very maritime. The climate of Franconia is sunny and relatively warm.

For part of the summer, for example, Lower Franconia is one the sunniest areas in Germany. Daily temperatures in the Bavarian part of Franconia are an average of 0.

Franconia, as part of Germany, has a high quality of life. In the Worldwide Quality of Living Survey by Mercer in , the city of Nuremberg was one of the top 25 cities in the world in terms of quality of life and came sixth in Germany.

Franconia is named after the Franks , a Germanic tribe who conquered most of Western Europe by the middle of the 8th century.

Despite its name, Franconia is not the homeland of the Franks, but rather owes its name to being partially settled by Franks from the Rhineland during the 7th century following the defeat of the Alamanni and Thuringians who had dominated the region earlier.

At the beginning of the 10th century a Duchy of Franconia German: Herzogtum Franken was established within East Francia , which comprised modern Hesse , Palatinate , parts of Baden-Württemberg and most of today's Franconia.

After the dissolution of the so-called Stem duchy of Franconia, the Holy Roman Emperors created the Franconian Circle German Fränkischer Reichskreis in to embrace the principalities that grew out of the eastern half of the former duchy.

The territory of the Franconian Circle roughly corresponds with modern Franconia. The title of a Duke of Franconia was claimed by the Würzburg bishops until and by the kings of Bavaria until Probably the oldest human remains in the Bavarian part of Franconia were found in the cave ruins of Hunas at Pommelsbrunn in the county of Nuremberg Land.

In northern Franconia they built a chain of hill forts as a line of defence against the Germanii advancing from the north.

On the Staffelberg they built a powerful settlement, to which Ptolemy the name oppidum Menosgada , [55] and on the Gleichberge is the largest surviving oppidum in Central Germany , the Steinsburg.

With the increased expansion of Rome in the first century B. The southern parts of present-day Franconia soon fell under Roman control; however, most of the region remained in Free Germania.

Initially Rome tried extend its direct influence far to the northeast; in the longer term, however, the Germanic-Roman frontier formed further southwest.

Under the emperors, Domitian , Trajan and Hadrian , the Rhaetian Limes was built as a border facing the Germanic tribes to the north.

This defensive line ran through the south of Franconia and described an arc across the region whose northernmost point lay at present-day Gunzenhausen.

Fortified settlements such as the Gelbe Bürg at Dittenheim controlled the new areas. To which tribe their occupants belonged is unknown in most cases.

However, it is likely that it was mainly Alemanni and Juthungi in especially in the south. The reasons are not entirely clear, but it could have been as a result of invasions by the Huns which thus triggered the Great Migration.

In many cases, however, it was probably conquest by the Franks that spelt the end of these hilltop settlements. With their victories over the heartlands of the Alamanni and Thuringians in the 6th century, the present region of Franconia also fell to the Franks.

Later, the diocese of Bamberg was added. The majority of the population of Franconia was pagan well into the Early Middle Ages , The first people to spread the Christian faith strongly were wandering Irish Anglo-Saxon monks in the early 7th century.

Saint Kilian , who together with his companions, Saint Colman and Saint Totnan are considered to be the apostles to the Franks, suffering martyrdom in Würzburg in the late 7th century, probably did not encounter any pagans in the ducal court.

It was probably Saint Boniface who carried the Christian mission deep into the heart of the ordinary population of Franconia.

In the mid-9th century the tribal Duchy of Franconia emerged, one of the five tribal or stem duchies of East Francia. It extended as far west as Speyer , Mainz , and Worms west of the Rhine and even included Frankfurt "ford of the Franks".

In the early 10th century, the Babenbergs and Conradines fought for power in Franconia. Ultimately this discord led to the Babenberg Feud which was fuelled and controlled by the crown.

The outcome of this feud meant the loss of power for the Babenbergs, but indirectly resulted in the Conradines winning the crown of East Francia.

Sometime around , Conrad succeeded in establishing his ducal hegemony over Franconia, but when the direct Carolingian male line failed in , Conrad was acclaimed King of the Germans , largely because of his weak position in his own duchy.

Franconia, like Alamannia was fairly fragmented and the duke's position was often disputed between the chief families. Conrad had granted Franconia to his brother Eberhard on his succession, but when Eberhard rebelled against Otto I in , he was deposed from his duchy, which disintegrated in on Eberhard's death into West or Rhenish Franconia Francia Rhenensis code: lat promoted to code: la , and East Franconia Francia Orientalis [note 1] and was directly subordinated to the Reich.

Only after that was the former Francia Orientalis code: lat promoted to code: la considered to be under the sphere of the bishops of Würzburg as the true Franconia, its territory gradually shrinking to its present area.

Meanwhile, the inhabitants of parts of present-day Upper and Middle Franconia, who were not under the control of Würzburg, probably also considered themselves to be Franks at that time, and certainly their dialect distinguished them from the inhabitants of Bavaria and Swabia.

Unlike the other stem duchies, Franconia became the homeland and power base of East Frankish and German kings after the Ottonians died out in In , the later canonized Henry II founded the Bishopric of Bamberg and endowed it with rich estates.

From the 12th century Nuremberg Castle was the seat of the Burgraviate of Nuremberg. The burgraviate was ruled from about by the Zollerns, the Franconian line of the later House of Hohenzollern , which provided the German emperors of the 19th and 20th century.

During the time when there was no emperor, the Interregnum — , some territorial princes became ever more powerful. After the Interregnum, however, the rulers succeeded in re-establishing a stronger royal lordship in Franconia.

In the Swabian League of Cities was founded and was joined later by several Franconian imperial cities. The foundation of many schools and hospitals and the construction of numerous churches and castles in this area goes back to the work of this Roman Catholic military order.

The residence place of the bailiwick was at Ellingen until when it was transferred to today's Bad Mergentheim. John worked in the Bishopric of Würzburg and had short term commands.

As of the 13th century, the following states, among others, had formed in the territory of the former Duchy:. This led in to the formation of the Franconian Circle.

As during the late Middle Ages, the bishops of Würzburg used the nominal title of Duke of Franconia during the time of the Imperial Circle.

Members of the Franconian Circle included the imperial cities, the prince-bishoprics, the Bailiwick of Franconia of the Teutonic Order and several counties.

The Imperial Knights with their tiny territories, of which there was a particularly large number in Franconia, were outside the Circle assembly and, until , formed the Franconian Knights Circle Fränkischer Ritterkreis consisting of six Knights' Cantons.

Because the extent of Franconia, already referred to above, is disputed, there were many areas that might be counted as part of Franconia today, that lay outside the Franconian Circle.

In the 16th century, the College of Franconian Counts was founded to represent the interests of the counts in Franconia. Franconia played an important role in the spread of the Reformation initiated by Martin Luther , [74] Nuremberg being one of the places where the Luther Bible was printed.

Important Baptist centres were Königsberg and Nuremberg. In , the burden of heavy taxation and socage combined with new, liberal ideas that chimed with the Reformation movement, unleashed the German Peasants' War.

The Würzburg area was particularly hard hit with numerous castles and monasteries being burned down.

From , Margrave Albert Alcibiades attempted to break the supremacy of the mighty imperial city of Nuremberg and to secularise the ecclesial estates in the Second Margrave War , [81] to create a duchy over which he would rule.

In , the reformed princes merged into a so-called Union within the Empire. In Franconia, the margraves of Ansbach and Bayreuth as well as the imperial cities were part of this alliance.

The Catholic side responded in with a counter-alliance, the League. The conflicts between the two camps ultimately resulted in the Thirty Years' War , which was the greatest strain on the cohesion of the Franconian Circle [83] Initially, Franconia was not a theatre of war, although marauding armies repeatedly crossed its territory.

However, in , Swedish troops under Gustavus Adolphus advanced into Franconia and established a large encampment in summer around Nuremberg.

Franconia was one of the poorest regions in the Empire and lost its imperial political significance. Franconia never developed into a unified territorial state, because the patchwork quilt of small states Kleinstaaterei survived the Middle Ages and lasted until the 18th century.

The Circle also developed early forms of a welfare state. Most of modern-day Franconia became part of Bavaria in thanks to Bavaria's alliance with Napoleon.

Culturally it is in many ways different from Bavaria proper "Altbayern", Old Bavaria , however. The ancient name was resurrected in by Ludwig I of Bavaria.

In , what was to become the Kingdom of Bavaria was given large parts of Franconia through the enactment of the Reichsdeputationshauptschluss under pressure from Napoleon for secularization and mediatisation.

In order to merge the patchwork quilt of small states in Franconia and Swabia into a greater Bavaria, Maximilian Joseph Montgelas reformed the political structure.

From to , the Kingdom of Bavaria built the Ludwig Canal from Bamberg to Kelheim, which was only abandoned in The first locomotive to run on German soil steamed from Nuremberg to Fürth on 7 December After the First World War the monarchy in Bavaria was abolished, but the state could not agree on a compromise between a Soviet system and parliamentarianism.

This caused fighting between the opposing camps and the then prime minister was shot. As a result, the government fled to Bamberg in , where the Bamberg Constitution was adopted while, in Munich, the Bavarian Soviet Republic reigned briefly.

During the Nazi era Nuremberg played a prominent role in the self-expression of the National Socialists as the permanent seat of the Nazi Party.

The first Hitler Monument in Germany was established there in April The attack brought the town negative press coverage worldwide.

Like all parts of the German Reich, Franconia was badly affected by Allied air raids. Nuremberg, as a major industrial centre and transportation hub, was hit particularly hard.

Between and the city was the target of dozens of air raids. Many other places were also affected by air raids.

By contrast, the old town of Bamberg was almost completely spared. The Battle of Nuremberg lasted five days and resulted in at least deaths.

For the first time, the representatives of a sovereign state were held accountable for their actions. In autumn , the Free State of Bavaria was reconstituted with the enactment of the Bavarian Constitution.

Beginning in , refugees and displaced persons from Eastern Europe were settled particularly in rural areas. In Lower and Upper Franconia, there was still the problem, however, of the zone along the Inner German Border which was a long way from the markets for its agricultural produce, and was affected by migration and relatively high unemployment, [] which is why these areas received special support from federal and state governments.

By contrast, the state of Thuringia was restored by the Soviets in In in the course of the administrative reform in East Germany , the state of Thuringia was relieved of its function.

There were protests in the Franconian territories too, for example in Schmalkalden. In the years from to an administrative reform was carried out in Bavaria with the aim of creating more efficient municipalities Gemeinden and counties Landkreise.

Against sometimes great protests by the population, the number of municipalities was reduced by a third and the number of counties by about a half.

Since Die Wende , new markets have opened up for the Franconian region of Bavaria in the new formerly East German federal states and the Czech Republic, enabling the economy to recover.

A large part of the population of Franconia, which has a population of five million, [] consider themselves Franconians Franken , in German homonymous with the name of the historical Franks , a sub-ethnic group of the German people alongside Alemanni , Swabians , Bavarians , Thuringians and Saxons.

Such an ethnic identity is generally not shared by other parts of the Franconian-speaking area members of which may identify as Rhine Franconians Rheinfranken or Moselle Franconians Moselfranken.

With the exception of Heilbronn , all cities in Franconia and all towns with a population of over 50, are within the Free State of Bavaria.

In Middle Franconia, in the metropolitan region of Nuremberg there is a densely populated urban area consisting of Nuremberg, Fürth, Erlangen and Schwabach.

Nuremberg is the fourteenth largest city in Germany and the second largest in Bavaria. The largest settlements in Baden-Württemberg's Franconian region are Heilbronn pop: , , Schwäbisch Hall 37, and Crailsheim 32, In the Middle Ages Franconia, with its numerous towns, was separate and not part of other territories such as the Duchy of Bavaria.

Many towns grew up along large rivers or were founded by the prince-bishops and nobility. Even the Hohenstaufens operated in many towns, most of which later became Imperial Cities with a strong orientation towards Nuremberg.

German is the official language and also the lingua franca. Numerous other languages are spoken that come from other language regions or the native countries of immigrants.

East Franconian German , the dialect spoken in Franconia, is very different from the Austro-Bavarian dialect.

Most Franconians do not call themselves Bavarians. Even though there is no Franconian state, red and white are regarded as the state colours Landesfarben of Franconia.

The proportion of Roman Catholics and Protestants among the population of Franconia is roughly the same, but varies from region to region.

For example, regions, that used to be under the care of the bishoprics of Bamberg, Würzburg and Eichstätt, are mainly Catholic today.

On the other hand, all former territories of the imperial cities and the margraviates of Ansbach and Bayreuth have remained mainly Lutheran.

The region around the city of Erlangen , which belonged to the Margraviate of Bayreuth, was a refuge for the Huguenots who fled there after the St.

Bartholomew's Day massacre in France. The influx of immigrants from Eastern Europe has also seen the establishment of an Orthodox community in Franconia.

Before the Nazi era Franconia was as a region with significant Jewish communities, most of whom were Ashkenazi Jews.

In the Middle Ages, Franconia was a stronghold of Torah studies. But Franconia also began to exclude the Jewish populations particularly early on.

Franconia also rose to early prominence in the discrimination of Jews during the Nazi era.

Adherents of Islam continue to grow, especially in the larger cities, due to the influx of gastarbeiters and other immigrants from Muslim countries.

As a result, many 'backyard mosques' Hinterhofmoscheen have sprung up, which are gradually being replaced by purpose-built mosques.

Franconia has almost small breweries. Food typical for the region includes Bratwurst especially the famous small Nuremberger Bratwurst , Schäuferla roast pork shoulder , Sauerbraten , dumplings, potato salad typically made with broth , fried carp , Grupfder seasoned cheese spread , Presssack a type of Head cheese : pressed or jellied pork trimmings, like tongue, cheeks, etc.

Lebkuchen are a traditional type of biscuit, and Küchla is a sort of sweet fried dough. Three Nuremberger Bratwürste in a roll Drei im Weckla.

Franconian wine is traditionally filled up in Bocksbeutels. The tourism industry stresses the romantic character of Franconia.

Franconian wine , the rich tradition of beer brewing and local culinary specialities, such as Lebküchnerei or gingerbread baking, are also seen as a draw that is worth marketing, [] [] and which make Franconia a popular tourist destination in Germany.

The Romantic Road , the best known German theme route , links several of the tourist high points in western Franconia. The Franconian countryside is suitable for many sporting activities.

Cycling along the large rivers is very popular, for example along the Main Cycleway , which was the first German long distance cycleway to be awarded five starts by the Allgemeiner Deutscher Fahrrad-Club ADFC.

The Tauber Valley Cycleway , a kilometre-long cycle trail in Tauber Franconia , was the second German long distance cycleway to receive five stars.

In the Fichtel Mountains and the Franconian Forest , many tourists come for making hiking tours. In winter people can do skiing f. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

For other uses, see Franconia disambiguation. Cultural region of Germany. Coat of arms. The details of the seventh series were later released, while the actual banknotes were destroyed.

The designers were Roger Pfund and Elisabeth Pfund. They had originally won the competition for the design of the sixth series, but since the Swiss National Bank decided to use the design by Ernst and Ursula Hiestand instead, the Pfunds were charged with the design of the reserve series.

The eighth series of Swiss franc banknotes, designed by Jörg Zintzmeyer , entered circulation in In , the Swiss National Bank held a competition to determine the design of the next series of banknotes.

The competition was won by Manuel Krebs , but his designs, which include depictions of blood cells and embryos, were met with sufficient opposition from the general public as to discourage the bank from going forward with them.

According to the edition of Guinness World Records , the eighth series of Swiss franc notes is the most secure in the world with up to 18 security features including a tilting digit, which can only be seen from an unusual angle, a UV digit that can only be seen under ultraviolet light and micro text.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. A pair of female hands conducting the time with a baton. Clock faces form the background on the front of the note.

Security strip : The Swiss rail network and its longest tunnels are depicted on the security strip. Two rail tracks connecting in the world's longest railway tunnel, the Gotthard Base Tunnel , part of the world's most dense railway network reducing the Time for traversing the Alps in Central Switzerland Watch's movement : the watch's movement symbolises the country's strong organisational talent.

Rail network : The lines on the back of the note depict a section of Switzerland's rail network. A boyish right hand holding a prism into a light beam so that the light is dispersed into various colours.

Globe : 4 hours earlier Pacific Ocean, North-America and the motif of light is echoed in star constellations over the globe.

The background of the note is reminiscent of a kaleidoscope in which colourful patterns are produced through reflected light.

Security strip : Night-time light emissions are overlaid on a map of Switzerland and the surrounding regions, and the distances between various celestial bodies and the earth are listed in light seconds.

Butterfly : Light reveals the colour of the butterfly's wings and allows us to behold the rich diversity of nature. Iris : The lines on the back portray an iris, which regulates the amount of light entering the human eye.

Left hand holding a dandelion with flowing, silky pappi carried forth by the wind. Globe : another 4 hours earlier Africa, Atlantic Ocean, South America, North America and the arrows on the globe show the direction of the winds that connect Switzerland with other regions and continents.

Background pattern: Wind flow arrows Security strip : Mountains evoke Switzerland's varied landscapes. The security strip shows the Alps and lists the names of the main four-thousand-metre peaks in the Swiss Alps, from A for Aletschhorn to Z for Zumsteinspitze.

Wind streaming around the glaciated mountain peaks of the Swiss Alps. Paraglider : The wind, the note's key motif, holds the paraglider aloft in the mountains.

Contour lines : The contour lines evoke Switzerland's varied landscapes. A pair of hands holding and providing water Globe : another 4 hours earlier Europe, Africa.

Right hand pointing to the three dimensions right-hand rule Globe : another 4 hours earlier Africa, Europe, Middle East, Indian Ocean, Asia with the Earth's land masses during the Late Cretaceous period superimposed.

Holding speeches in different languages in the Swiss parliament during the Federal Assembly at Berne Relation graph.

Meier: Monnaies The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 25 June Swiss National Bank. Retrieved 24 June Retrieved 7 January Last accessed 1 June Last accessed 30 September May Retrieved 26 May Newly Swissed.

Retrieved 17 March The Local Switzerland edition. Retrieved 3 July The Swiss National Bank, responsible for producing Switzerland's money, is planning to introduce new banknotes in after several delays due to technical problems with paper.

Retrieved 5 March Hit Entertainment. Money portal Numismatics portal Switzerland portal.

500 Franken